Counselors provide support to others in challenging situations and turbulent times. Most entry-level counseling jobs require a master’s degree and clinical internship. Counselors should also be licensed in the state they are working in. Counselors can choose career paths that have specializations. Keep in mind that many counselors have more than one specialization and designation. For example an addiction counselor may also specialize in depression or trauma. The following is a list of common counseling careers and specializations:
Career counselors help people identify their skills and evaluate career options. They also help clients develop decision-making skills in order to drive their careers. Their support is valuable during career changes, transition, and even exploring previously unknown careers.
A child abuse counselor is focused on helping and providing support to victims of child abuse. These children come in with trauma in various degrees and this type of counseling career is critical in rebuilding the children’s happiness, emotional stability, and happiness. They are engaged in providing tools and strategies to heal and protect these children.
Child or pediatric counselors have the expertise to provide outpatient counseling treatment to children and their families. Counselors employ various therapy techniques to support children and their families regarding issues such as traumatic experiences, behavioral concerns, and conditions such as ADHD and autism.
Community mental health counselors are experts in mental health. Their services usually comprise of therapy, consulting, and coaching to people as a response to issues experienced in a community setting. Using their knowledge in planning, communication, and counseling, community counselors are vital leaders that play a role in uniting a community to work towards a common goal, decrease health concerns, and increase access to community resources.
Depression counselors focus their expertise in dealing with the mental, emotional, and physical issues caused by depression. They use their knowledge in assessment, diagnosis, and therapy or intervention to identify the root cause of the depression in order to effectively overcome it.
Domestic violence counselors grapple with the vicious issue of violence which takes place in the home of victims. These counselors help the victims of abuse heal, overcome traumatic experiences, and gain trust. Due to the complexity of abuse cases, this counseling career works with a lot of health professionals and therapists in order to provide the best care.
Geriatric counselors provide assessment, counseling, and treatment services to older adults and their families. Their role includes providing solutions to common mental health issues during the older stage of life. They also help older adults have access to the wide array of health and social services. Their main goal is to make their patient’s senior years as comfortable as possible.
Grief counselors are usually licensed therapists who help people cope with the grief and sense of loss that usually follows the death of a loved one, a particularly emotional divorce, or other tragic life experiences. Coping can happen in a number of different ways and grief counselors are adept at identifying what method of counseling or treatment works best for each individual.
Marriage and Family Counselor (Therapist)
Marriage and family counselors help couples communicate their emotions and feelings in healthier and effective ways. They employ means to allow couples to rescue and strengthen their marriage. This type of counseling career requires an exceptional understanding of the needs of the couple, family members, and the challenges that they face on a daily basis. Marriage and family counselors work with family members to clarify roles, remove communication deficiencies and undesirable behavioral patterns, and educate about positive interaction strategies.
Pastoral counselors are ministers of faith that are also trained in psychology. They focus on providing the physical, emotional, and spiritual needs of their followers or sect. Mostly working with the religious community, pastoral counselors combine faith and science as they provide therapy and support in issues such as depression and conflicts.
School counselors are focused on all aspects of educational life which can range from academic success to career selection. Mostly working in schools and similar educational institutions, school counselors provide support to students to develop their personal, social, and academic potential towards life-long success.
Substance abuse counselors can be found working in different organizations to help individuals stop compulsive and drug-seeking behaviors through medical and behavioral treatment programs. This counseling career seeks to understand why certain individuals succumb to substance abuse so that they can develop solutions prevent and treat the issue.
Suicide Intervention counselors focus on alleviating the issue of high suicidal rates in the country. Both a fulfilling and highly-stressful job, being a suicide intervention counselor has a critical role in helping patients remove their suicidal thoughts. They tackle issues such as depression, low self-esteem, and low self-worth. With the use of cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and other therapy combinations, counselors are able to help patients realize the value and meaning of their lives.
Veteran counselors provide their expertise in understanding the uniqueness of military culture. They are also sensitive and knowledgeable in dealing with issues of honor, sacrifice, and disturbing military experiences. Veteran counselors help identify the root cause of the issues such as PTSD in order to work with military personal and families affected.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics* expects that opportunities in counseling will continue to grow. From 2012 to 2022, projected growth of counseling careers vary from 12% for school counselors to 31% for substance abuse counselors. As of 2014, mean salary can differ from $37,890 for rehabilitation counselors to $56,040 for school counselors.
- * http://www.bls.gov/ooh/